Management and trade unions should provide educational and training facilities for the development of internal leadership. These issues must be over ruled to bring peace in the industry and to encourage industrial harmony.
They take unilateral decisions that are thrust on the employees.
Non-cooperation of Intermediaries and Industrialists: To achieve their narrow and selfish political motives, the real character of trade unions cannot be adhered to.
Quality Circle Process c. They get bribes from the government and work against the interests of the employees. In any industry workers come from different regions and different backgrounds. Following the rapid growth of unions around the time of the First World War, the Russian Revolution and the setting up of the ILO - industrial conflict began to increase and over 1, strikes were recorded between and Small size of unions: Lack of a Common Goal: Subsequently, the Trade Union Act was passed which created the rules for the regulation and closer monitoring of Trade Unions.
They get bribes from the government and work against the interests of the employees. Trade Union Act,prescribed the membership fee at 25 paise per member per month.
Leadership of a union must only arise from within the labour class. A vast majority of the working population is without any union backing. As a result, the employees are unable to derive the benefits of collective bargaining.
Indifferent Attitude of the Members Union leaders alone cannot be blamed for the weakness of the trade union movement.
Due to such heterogeneity, building up a sense of unity among the workers is a difficult task. This is because many employees are not willing to join unions although they are ready to enjoy the benefits arising out of the union actions.
Inter and intra-union rivalries have been a potent cause of industrial disputes in the country.
Attitude of Employers 6. Another weakness of the trade unions in India is the inadequacy of finances. Political Control Most popular trade unions in India are affiliated to certain political parties.
The list is for the reference year whose verification was completed in This is a situation highly deplorable which causes a trade union to be weak. Trade-union membership verification is usually done once in a decade and an updated verification with new criteria is currently underway, with as the reference year.
Liberalisation to Present[ edit ] The period following the Economic liberalisation in was characterised by declining government intervention in the economy, a decline in the creation of public sector employment and encouragement for the private sector.
Majority of the workers are recruited through intermediaries and they remain at the mercy of these intermediaries. So many plants or industries in India have multiple unions some are strong and some are weak. Some members do not even make a prompt payment of the subscription amount.
These are also not very many sources from which unions can get funds. Further, it helps to bring about congenial industrial relations by bringing about a system of orderliness in dealing with the employees and by facilitating expeditious settlement of disputes.
Measures to minimise union rivalry: In such a scenario, it is not surprising to find outside political leaders exploiting the situation serve their own personal agenda. Members generally expect the office-bearers to do all that is necessary to achieve the demands.
As there exist more than one union in the organization there are many chances of have different groups in the same union. This type of inter union and intra union rivalries creates problem at times of collective bargaining. Indian trade unions face many problems right from the evolution. The sizes of trade unions in India have been increasing sincebut the overall membership size has been decreasing recently.
Various factors contribute toward the small size of trade unions; the average size of a trade union in India is about Other problems: The other factors responsible for the unsound functioning of trade unions in India are: Illiteracy: Workers in India fail to understand the implications of modern trade unionism.
Their illiteracy coupled with ignorance and indifference account for the predominance of outside leadership. Trade Union leadership: The nature of leadership significantly influences the union-management relations as the leadership is the lynch-pin of the management of trade unions.
The leadership of most of the trade unions in India has been outside leadership mainly drawn from political parties. important problems of the trade unions in India are uneven Growth: industry-wise and Area-wise, small size of unions, financial weakness, multiplicity of the unions and inter-union rivalry, leadership issue.
The shortcomings or the weakness of the trade union movement in India are as follows. Lack of Balanced Growth: Trade unions are often associated with big industrial houses. A vast majority of the working population is without any union backing.
The entire agricultural sector is. Problems of trade Unions in India is a major concern in today’s industrial front. Here we will discuss some major issues faced by the unions in Indian industries and the necessity to solve the same.Problems of trade unions in india