Once the Moslems and Christians had reached a compromise on these fundamental questions, they would be prepared to deal with other issues, the foremost of which would be the status of the Palestinians who have lived in legal limbo in Lebanon for as long as 35 years.
Muslims, for the most part, prefer a unified, central government with an enhanced share of power commensurate with their larger share of the population. While the refugee problem is too big for Lebanon to solve alone, keeping social and economic tensions in check will require innovative solutions and thinking from the Aoun-Hariri government.
Under this amendment, only the President, the Speaker, the Prime Minister, and a minimum of ten deputies have the right to petition the court for review of the constitutionality of laws and resolution of disputes arising out of presidential or parliamentary elections.
The Arab states would undoubtedly threaten a vulnerable Lebanon with economic sanctions for recognizing Israel. Among the functions that the Prime Minister assumed were the following: Either this issue will continue to poison relations, or the Christians will have to reconcile themselves to the permanent settlement of the Palestinians in Lebanon.
Assuming that the endemic violence that characterized the period cannot continue indefinitely, the Lebanese can move in one of three directions: This is not to say that I advocate banning religions but it should be a subject only to be you and your maker.
A Lebanon at peace with Israel and enjoying internal tranquility would deprive Syria of options against Israel and of a valuable power base.
This enmity, which dominates Lebanese life, must be understood and appreciated by anyone concerned with the future of the country.
Allowing the Moslems to assume their rightful share of power would mean giving up Maronite hegemony over the government. The territorial changes ofwhich created the borders of modern Lebanon, were intended to favor the Christians by giving them a larger and more viable state.
It has been better off facing foreign armies, which international pressure will eventually compel to leave, than potentially uncontrollable local militias. But if the electoral law changes to reflect another political consensus, it could have knock-on effects not only for the balance of power in parliament, but on whom parliament elects as President next year.
Because formal partition would meet such intense opposition from several groups, especially the pan-Arabists, Lebanon could be divided into federal units or cantons rather than independent countries.
The President has the authority to promulgate laws passed by the Parliament, form the government to issue supplementary regulations to ensure the execution of laws, and to negotiate and ratify treaties. Israel's elimination of the PLO and Syria's military humiliation offer the Lebanese room to maneuver.
A Lebanon at peace with Israel and enjoying internal tranquility would deprive Syria of options against Israel and of a valuable power base. As to the role of the Cabinet, it was not clear whether it constituted an organ of the executive branch separate from the President.
First, all foreign troops are not on the point of leaving, and second, even if they did leave, Lebanon's fundamental problems would remain unchanged. Help with the reconstruction of the Lebanese economy can be linked to movement toward repudiating the old Pact. This compromise manifested itself in the program of the first Cabinet of Prime Minister Riad al-Solh as outlined in the ministerial declaration delivered to the House of Deputies on October 7, The civil war resolved neither the dispute over controlling the country nor the nature of its identity.
If a conventional state is impossible, two alternatives remain: Nowhere is that more apparent than over the current debacle that has deprived Lebanon of a government just two months shy of parliamentary elections.
The current preoccupation with the foreign military presence in Lebanon seeks to treat the symptoms of Lebanon's disintegration rather than its domestic causes. They have proposed a draft law that restricts voting along sect lines. None of the communities trusted its long-time rivals enough to lay down its arms, nor did any of them believe the central government could guarantee security.
In Lebanon there are only Christians and Muslims. Syrian control of the Bekaa Valley and northern Lebanon guarantees Damascus continued influence in the country and allows the Syrian government to press claims to Lebanese territory.
In the nearly two-and-a-half years it took Lebanon to choose its current president, the Syrian civil war drew Turkey, Iran, Russia, and the United States into its fold; the Islamic State took over large swaths of Iraq and Syria; and the Saudi-Iranian cold war intensified. The parliament traditionally has played a significant role in financial affairs, since it has the responsibility for levying taxes and passing the budget.
Palestinian refugeespredominantly Sunni Muslimswhose numbers are estimated at between , are not active on the domestic political scene. All the other sects are assigned supporting roles, depending on how coalitions are built in parliament.
Christians distanced themselves from Arabism and sought an outside protector—this time Israel rather than France.
Under the Constitution, the President had the power to: In the past, the system worked to produce a viable democracy.
Israel needs tangible results to justify its "Operation Peace for Galilee" campaign: Part of the pressure on Beirut can be connected to U. In effect, the Christians became Arab and the Moslems became Lebanese. This disagreement galvanized the Moslems to action.
Academic literature on politics in developing countries — including those with politicized ethnic and religious divides, like Lebanon — often highlights the role of vote-buying during.
Things Fall Apart: Political, Economic and Social Instability in Lebanon Lebanon is facing a potential nightmare: a perfect storm of economic, political and social instability. The Syrian crisis has infused life into old tensions and given birth to a range of newer crises.
[Lebanon:] The Real Problem. by Daniel Pipes Foreign Policy June - September Many of Lebanon's political and religious factions dread a quick withdrawal, for that would force them to take up arms against their rivals.
Resolving problems with Lebanon might also improve the atmosphere for discussions about the West Bank. The Library of Congress > Law Library > Research & Reports > Legal Reports > Lebanon: Constitutional Law and the Political Rights of Religious Communities Law Library of.
Apr 09, · Lebanon’s Sects Game: The Problem With Its Byzantine Political System. The appointment of a new Lebanese Prime Minister illustrates the arcane complexity — and absurdity — of the country's sectarian politics.
Major Lebanese religious leaders have strong political commitments but they have also begun publicly to call for avoidance of violence and for stronger support of Lebanese political processes.
The recent call by the Sunni Grand Mufti for a summit of religious leaders might be a fruitful starting point.Political and religious problems in lebanon